Freenet یک پلتفرم نظیر به نظیر برای ارتباطات مقاوم در برابر سانسور است. | Freenet is a peer-to-peer platform for censorship-resistant communication.
Freenet is a peer-to-peer platform for censorship-resistant communication.
It uses a decentralized distributed data store to keep and deliver information, and has a suite of free software for publishing and communicating on the Web without fear of censorship.
The distributed data store of Freenet is used by many third-party programs and plugins to provide microblogging and media sharing,anonymous and decentralised version tracking, blogging,a generic web of trust for decentralized spam resistance,Shoeshop for using Freenet over Sneakernet, and many more.
According to CiteSeer, it became one of the most frequently cited computer science articles in 2002.
Researchers suggested that Freenet can provide anonymity on the Internet by storing small encrypted snippets of content distributed on the computers of its users and connecting only through intermediate computers which pass on requests for content and sending them back without knowing the contents of the full file, similar to how routers on the Internet route packets without knowing anything about files—except Freenet has caching, a layer of strong encryption, and no reliance on centralized structures.
This allows users to publish anonymously or retrieve various kinds of information.
The Freenet 0.7 darknet peers list.
Freenet has been under continuous development since 2000.
Freenet 0.7, released on 8 May 2008, is a major re-write incorporating a number of fundamental changes.
The most fundamental change is support for darknet operation.
Version 0.7 offered two modes of operation: a mode in which it connects only to friends, and an opennet-mode in which it connects to any other Freenet user.
Both modes can be run simultaneously.
When a user switches to pure darknet operation, Freenet becomes very difficult to detect from the outside.
The transport layer created for the darknet mode allows communication over restricted routes as commonly found in mesh networks, as long as these connections follow a small-world structure.
Other modifications include switching from TCP to UDP, which allows UDP hole punching along with faster transmission of messages between peers in the network.
Freenet 0.7.5, released on 12 June 2009, offers a variety of improvements over 0.7.
These include reduced memory usage, faster insert and retrieval of content, significant improvements to the FProxy web interface used for browsing freesites, and a large number of smaller bugfixes, performance enhancements, and usability improvements.
Version 0.7.5 also shipped with a new version of the Windows installer.
As of build 1226, released on 30 July 2009, features that have been written include significant security improvements against both attackers acting on the network and physical seizure of the computer running the node.
As of build 1468, released on 11 July 2015, the Freenet core stopped using the db4o database and laid the foundation for an efficient interface to the Web of Trust plugin which provides spam resistance.
Freenet has always been free software, but until 2011 it required users to install Java.
This problem was solved by making Freenet compatible with OpenJDK, a free and open source implementation of the Java Platform.
On 11 February 2015, Freenet received the SUMA-Award for "protection against total surveillance.